The government has repeatedly said it is negotiating with the U.S. to ”modernize” the safe third country agreement, but has never explained what that means and whether any changes to the agreement would prevent people from filing asylum claims after crossing the border between official ports of entry. Canadian refugee supporters have strongly opposed the deal, arguing that the U.S. is not always a safe country for people fleeing persecution. Federal Judge Ann Marie McDonald ruled that the agreement violated a section of the Canadian Charter of Rights that states that laws or acts of state that affect liberty and security must respect the principles of fundamental justice. A safe third country is a state in which a person passing through that country could have applied for refugee protection. In Canada, subsection 102(2) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for designating a country as a safe third country. The Canadian Council for Refugees strongly opposes the agreement because the United States is not a safe country for all refugees. The CCR also condemns the objective and impact of reducing the number of refugees who may seek refuge in Canada. Canada has tried to stem the flow of asylum seekers who have flocked to the country since 2016, after Mr. Trump`s promise to act against illegal immigration.